A sport compact is a high-performance version of a compact car or a subcompact car. They are typically are front engined, front-wheel drive or all-wheel drive coupés, sedans, or hatchbacks driven by a straight-4 gasoline engine.
Typical sport compacts include such examples as Ford Escort RS Cosworth, Mitsubishi Lancer Evolution, Mitsubishi Eclipse, Honda Civic Si, 8th generation Mercury Cougar, the Ford Focus SVT, the Ford Focus RS, the Opel Astra GTC, the Renault Clio V6/Sport, the Mazdaspeed3, the Nissan Sentra SE-R Spec V, Hyundai Tiburon, the Honda Prelude, the Toyota Celica and Scion tC TRD, and the Dodge SRT-4.
Performance-oriented sport compacts focus on improving handling and increasing engine efficiency, rather than increasing engine size or conversion to rear-wheel drive. For example, the Celica GT-S and Civic Si are both sport compacts that produce 100 hp/ L of displacement, and have handling superior to their stock trims and other cars in its price range.